All about scar tissue – Causes, types, and more Health

All about scar tissue – Causes, types, and more

Scar tissue refers to the thick, fibrous tissues that form over healthy tissues that have been damaged. They are a natural part of the healing process. Most scars form when a deep wound is repaired, but they can also develop due to diseases, skin conditions, acne, or other procedures. This article discusses the causes, symptoms, different types of scar tissues, their management, and how you can prevent them from occurring.

Causes and symptoms of scar tissue
Your skin acts as a barrier to safeguard you from bacteria and other harmful substances as part of your immune response. When it gets damaged, the body produces collagen fibers tissue to aid in healing. Healthy tissues may be destroyed due to a cut, serious injury, or surgery, and the resultant internal tissue damage can lead to scar tissues. External scar tissue can be painful in some instances. The pain can be caused by sensitivity, discoloration, itching, swelling, and limited physical function.

Scar tissue that is not visible may form due to inner wounds, treatments, or some diseases. If you have had knee or spinal surgery, as well as facial surgeries or procedures such as hysterectomies, you can develop such scars. You may have to deal with pain and stiffness, particularly if the tissue begins to affect the joints around the area. The intensity of the pain can vary depending on the severity of the initial wound and its location.

Types of scar tissue
A keloid is found above the skin’s surface and usually forms red-skin-colored scar tissue. They generally form on the upper chest, shoulders, and upper back. these scars can be quite large and hamper movement. Contracture scars are typically created in tissues that have been burned. These scars cause the skin in the affected area to contract. If the scar is formed over a joint or deep into the muscles, it can get difficult to move. Depressed scars are sunken scars that are frequently caused by chickenpox or pimples. They have the appearance of round pits or tiny dents. They are most commonly found on the face and are also known as ice pick scars. Acne scars may become more visible as you age as your skin loses collagen and elasticity.

Flat scars will start by being slightly raised initially but will eventually smooth out. They are likely to be pink or red. A hypertrophic scar is common scar tissue, and you can feel it when you run your finger over the affected area. That is because the scar tissue is raised. Over time, hypertrophic scars may fade but never completely flatten. Stretch marks, commonly found on the breast, abdomen, hips, and forearms, are also examples of scars. They occur during pregnancy, puberty, or after significant weight gain or loss. The skin in these areas rapidly expands or contracts, causing serious damage to the connective tissues beneath.

How to manage your scar tissues?
Scar tissue can be healed using cosmetic surgery techniques like surgical excision or skin grafting if you have had third-degree burns or serious crash wounds. Another option is dermabrasion or laser therapy that may help lighten scars caused by severe pimples, burn injuries, and deep cuts. However, this course of action may take several weeks or months. One can also apply topical scar tissue serums with ingredients like vitamin C, which may help certain skin areas. These serums are generally effective for mild scarring. If you have significant scar tissue, you should see a dermatologist. Injections of corticosteroids help to reduce pain and inflammation. These steroid injections are more effective for keloid or hypertrophic scars. Consult your doctor before starting any course of action for faster recovery.

How to prevent scars from occurring?
Although you cannot avoid injuries forever, you can decrease the chances of a scar forming after being wounded. Visit your doctor if you have a wound that you feel could turn into a scar and ensure it is adequately cleaned. You could get special stitches or bandages that hold the skin together while the wound heals. Care for your wound by keeping it clean and changing your bandages regularly. It is suggested that you apply petroleum jelly or moisturizer, which prevents the affected area from scabbing. Also, take care not to expose your wound to the sun.