Deep vein thrombosis – Symptoms, causes, and management Health

Deep vein thrombosis – Symptoms, causes, and management

Deep vein thrombosis, commonly known as DVT, is a condition where clots develop in veins deep inside the body. These clots are typically found in the thighs or lower leg areas, such as the calves. They often lead to pain and swelling in the leg. DVT could be a secondary condition if there is a primary disorder affecting how blood clots in the body. Read on to learn more about the symptoms, causes, treatments, and more.

Deep vein thrombosis can manifest differently in different individuals. But, a few common symptoms include swelling or pain in the leg, cramping and soreness that starts in the calves, changes in the skin color or discoloration, and a feeling of warmth in the affected region.

The exact causes of DVT are yet to be ascertained. But, experts have been able to figure out a few factors that could lead to an increased risk of developing this condition. If an individual has a relative diagnosed with DVT or related conditions, they could have an increased risk of developing DVT. Meanwhile, studies have found that cancer and its treatments, such as chemotherapy, could increase the risk of developing DVT. Furthermore, the limited blood flow in the veins due to injuries, surgery, or lack of movement can also lead to DVT.

There are several ways to treat and tackle the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis. One such remedy is anticoagulants. They prevent the clots from getting larger and moving throughout the body. Note that anticoagulants do not help with destroying or removing any clots. Health experts may also suggest wearing compression stockings as it helps improve or eliminate swelling in the leg caused by DVT. The stockings provide gentle pressure on the legs, which studies have shown can improve the symptoms of leg pain and swell by almost 50%. Therapists may also suggest using an inferior vena cava(IVC) filter if the patient cannot undertake other oral treatments. The filter is designed to prevent large blood clots from entering the lungs but does not control the development of clots in the body.

Natural remedies
Besides the remedies prescribed by the healthcare professional, individuals can also try natural remedies as supportive treatments. One natural way to tackle the symptoms of DVT is to keep the leg elevated. It means ensuring that the foot is higher than the hip when seated. Walking can also help improve the flow of blood to the legs. Patients should aim to walk three to five times a day. Exercise and other lifestyle changes can also prove helpful while fighting DVT.

Foods to eat/avoid
Besides natural remedies, those with DVT can also try changing their food habits. Certain foods can help with DVT, while others can increase the risk of this condition. Patients can try foods such as olive oil and grape juice as they reduce platelet activity and prevent the formation of clots. On the other hand, foods with unhealthy fats, such as high amounts of sugar and salt, should be avoided. They can lead to plaque build-up in the blood vessels and increase the risk of heart conditions.